Red-winged Blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

General Status Rank: 
Secure
ELCODE: 
ABPBXB0010
Common Name: 
Red-winged Blackbird
Scientific Name: 
Agelaius phoeniceus
Taxonomy
Group: 
Bird
Kingdom: 
Animalia
Phylum: 
Chordata
Class: 
Aves
Order: 
Passeriformes
Family: 
Icteridae
References: 
General Biology
Canada Known Subspecies Count: 
0
Reproduction Frequency Per Year: 
0

Economic/Human Considerations

Non-game species
References: 
Habitat
freshwater marshes and water edges
References: 
Distribution

Ecozones

Taiga Cordillera, Taiga Plains, Taiga Shield, Boreal Cordillera, Boreal Plains
References: 

Distribution

0.47 (B004); Range extent approx. 650,000 Km2, estimated from range map (Canadian Wildlife Service – Prairie & Northern Region 2009. Bird distributions in Nunavut & the Northwest Territories: 2009 Review.)
Score: 
G
References: 
Winter Distribution Description: 
slightly south of northern-most breeding range

Number of Occurrences

Prob. More than 100; Early record: 28 April 1998; 1 individual; Fort Liard; Craig Machtans; eBird 2012. Late record: 10 September 2001; 1 individual; Fort Simpson; Doug Tate; eBird 2012. High count: 60 individuals; 30 May 2002; Fort Liard; Carl Savignac; eBird 2012.(NWT Bird checklist project)
Score: 
DE
References: 

Historical Distribution

Likely similar to current dist.
References: 

Area of Occupancy

Decline in southern Canada/US (likely due to changes in agricultural practices); otherwise stable
Score: 
-
References: 
Population

Population Size

PIF population estimate for NWT and NU = 800,000 but species occurs in NWT so totally values used. (DD16 Accessed on <January 25, 2015>.)
Score: 
G
References: 
Threats

Threats

Little human disturbance in the NWT, threats thought to be low for this species.
References: 

Intrinsic Vulnerability

Limited effects of climate change likely in next 10 yrs
Score: 
C
References: 
General Status Rank
Rank: 
Secure
Status Rank Description: 
But no data on populations; Limited information on numbers;Population widespread and abundant and BBS data suggest population is stable, though data have low reliability and should be interpreted with caution.
S Rank: 
S5
Decision Process Description: 
Drafted by Leslie Wakelyn and S. Carriere mostly based on printed material in 2000. Reviewed in 2005 by ENR.; Reviewed in 2010;no change; Reviewed by Emily Upham-Mills CWS in 2015, no change; Reviewed in 2020, no change
Last Updated: 
June 19, 2020

References

Area of Occupancy

  • Downes, C.M., E.H. Dunn and C.M Francis (2000) Canadian Landbird Monitoring Strategy: monitoring needs and priorities into the new millenium.. Partners in Flight - Canada A 9-15 EC-CWS, Yellowknife (L. Wakelyn) - or communicate with Erica H. Dunn, CWS in Hull, QC, at erica.dunn@ec,gc,ca - LWR01 Return
  • Downes, C.M., E.H. Dunn and C.M Francis (2000) Canadian Landbird Monitoring Strategy: monitoring needs and priorities into the new millenium. - New trend analyses - Addendum to the strategy. Partners in Flight - Canada EC-CWS, Yellowknife (L. Wakelyn) - or communicate with Erica H. Dunn, CWS in Hull, QC, at erica.dunn@ec,gc,ca - LWR02 Return
  • Emily Upham-Mills and Rhiannon Pankratz (2015) e-copy - H307 Return

Economic Status

  • Wakelyn, Leslie (2000) Pers. communication. Wildlife biologist, CWS, Yellowknife - H129 Return

Ecozones

  • Godfrey WE (1986) The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada Revised Edition RWED Library Call #QL685.G6 - B004 Return

Habitat

  • Godfrey WE (1986) The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada Revised Edition RWED Library Call #QL685.G6 - B004 Return
  • Wakelyn, Leslie (2000) Pers. communication. Wildlife biologist, CWS, Yellowknife - H129 Return

Historical Distribution

  • Wakelyn, Leslie (2000) Pers. communication. Wildlife biologist, CWS, Yellowknife - H129 Return

Intrinsic Vulnerability

  • Emily Upham-Mills and Rhiannon Pankratz (2015) e-copy - H307 Return

NWT Known Subspecies

Godfrey WE (1986) The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada Revised Edition RWED Library Call #QL685.G6 - B004 Return

Number of Occurrences

  • Canadian Wildlife Service (2005) NWT/NU Bird Checklist Survey database. Environment Canada / Canadian Wildlife Service Yellowknife http://www.pnr-rpn.ec.gc.ca/nature/migratorybirds/nwtbcs/index.en.html - LA20 Return

Population Size

Rich, T.D., Beardmore, C.J., Berlanga, H., Blancher, P.J., Bradstreet, M.S.W., Butcher, G.S., Demarest, D.W Dunn, E.H., Hunter, W.C., Inigo-Elias, E.E., Kennedy, J.A., Martell, A.M., Panjabi, A.O.,et al. (2004) Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan (janv-04). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithica, NY http://www.partnersinflight.org/cont_plan/default.htm - LA01 Return

Range Extent

  • Godfrey WE (1986) The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada Revised Edition RWED Library Call #QL685.G6 - B004 Return

Taxonomy

  • Godfrey WE (1986) The Birds of Canada. National Museums of Canada Revised Edition RWED Library Call #QL685.G6 - B004 Return

Threats

  • Emily Upham-Mills and Rhiannon Pankratz (2015) e-copy - H307 Return