Frequently Asked Questions - Climate Change Strategic Framework
In this section
Climate change represents serious environmental, economic and social challenges for the NWT.
The 2030 NWT Climate Change Strategic Framework outlines how the NWT can address these challenges from 2018 to 2030.
The 2030 NWT Climate Change Strategic Framework identifies three goals towards which the NWT must make significant progress by 2030. These goals include:
- Goal #1 - Transition to a strong, healthy economy that uses less fossil fuel, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 30% below 2005 levels, by 2030.
- Goal #2 – Improve knowledge of the climate change impacts occurring in the NWT.
- Goal #3 – Build resilience and adapt to a changing climate.
The 2030 NWT Climate Change Strategic Framework rests on three pillars: knowledge, resilience and adaptation, and emissions mitigation. The Department of Infrastructure’s 2030 Energy Strategy is the primary mechanism the government will be using to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Both strategies were built on the vision of having a strong, healthy economy and an affordable, secure energy system for the NWT that is less reliant on fossil fuels, by 2030.
The Framework and 2019-2023 Action Plan were finalized following engagement with Indigenous governments, stakeholders and the public. The Framework was released in May 2018. The 2019-2023 Action Plan, the first of two five-year Action Plans to guide the implementation of the Framework, was released in April 2019.
The 2019-2023 Action Plan reflects actions currently being led by several GNWT departments and external partners to move forward on adaptation priorities for the territory. It also includes a section on areas for future collaboration, which require funding and/or support to advance.
The 2030 NWT Climate Change Strategic Framework along with the Department of Infrastructure’s 2030 Energy Strategy, lays out goals and targets that will ultimately reduce the territory’s GHG emissions in line with Canada’s national targets.
The NWT target is consistent with the federal government target to reduce to 30% below 2005 levels, by 2030.
Implementation of the 2030 Energy Strategy will see the NWT reduce GHG emissions from electricity generation in diesel-powered communities by an average of 25% and transportation by 10% per capita, while increasing the share of renewable energy used for space heating by 40% and increasing residential, commercial, and government building energy efficiency by 15%.
Federal funding is a crucial requirement to ensure our GHG reduction goals are met, and the GNWT has and continues to actively pursue such opportunities. A bilateral agreement between GNWT and Infrastructure Canada provides federal funding for investments in energy infrastructure in the NWT.
Furthermore, Environment and Climate Change Canada funding through the Low Carbon Economy Leadership Fund is supporting the implementation of the GHG Grant Program for Government and the GHG Grant Program for Buildings and Industry.
Under the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change, all jurisdictions in Canada are required to implement some form of carbon pricing by 2019.
The GNWT engaged in public consultations on carbon pricing and has analyzed the results received to determine how carbon pricing should be implemented in the NWT.
The GNWT introduced a NWT carbon tax on fuels effective September 1, 2019 based on $20/tonne of GHG emissions. This will increase annually by $10/tonne until 2022 when it will reach a maximum of $50/tonne.